Yachting New Zealand are committed to the advancement of clean sport that rejects cheating through the use of performance enhancing drugs and methods.
Yachting New Zealand are in partnership with the national anti-doping organisation, Drug Free Sport New Zealand (DFSNZ) to:
Promote a culture of clean sport
Deliver anti-doping education|
Organise and implement testing programmes
Report doping and suspicious activity
Support athletes to compete drug free
For full information about anti-doping, visit DFSNZ's website
Drug Free Sport New Zealand offers an online e-learning module to all athletes, coaches, and managers. Educate yourself by completing the online courses at https://e-learning.dfsnz.org.nz/login/
The anti-doping rules
All members of Yachting New Zealand are required to abide by New Zealand’s Sports Anti-Doping Rules. These rules reflect the World Anti-Doping Agency’s anti-doping code.
In summary, the 11 rule violations are:
- Presence of a prohibited substance, or its metabolites or markers, in an athlete’s sample;
- Use or attempted use of a prohibited substance or method by an athlete;
- Evasion of doping control or refusal to provide a sample;
- Failure of Registered Testing Pool athlete to meet Whereabouts requirements three times within a 12-month period;
- Tampering with any part of the doping control process by an athlete or other person*;
- Possession of prohibited substances or methods by an athlete or support person;
- Trafficking or attempted trafficking of a prohibited substance or method by an athlete or other person;
- Administration or attempted administration of a prohibited substance or method by an athlete or other person;
- Complicity with or attempt to cover up an anti-doping rule violation by an athlete or other person;
- Knowing association by an athlete or other person with someone in a sporting capacity who has been found guilty of an anti-doping rule violation;
- Discouragement of, or retaliation against someone for, reporting doping or suspected doping by an athlete or other person.
* ’Other person’ refers to a person, entity or organisation. See Sports Anti-Doping Rules 2023 for details.
The prohibited list
The prohibited list is published by the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) every year and details all substances and methods which are prohibited or banned in sport. A substance or method may be included on the list if it meets any two of the following criteria:
It has the potential to enhance sporting performance
It presents an actual or potential health risk to the athlete
It violates the spirit of sport
For a quick reference on some common prohibited substances, visit Drug Free Sport New Zealand's Prohibited Substance page.
The 2023 prohibited list is in force from 1 January 2023 and it is each athlete’s and support persons' responsibility to make sure they understand the changes to the list so they are not caught out.
Two important changes came into force in 2022:
- ALL Glucocorticoid (GC) injections, e.g. cortisone, are prohibited in-competition from 1 January 2022.
- Permitted salbutamol dosage is 600 micrograms over 8 hours from 1 January 2022.
Download the glucocorticoid injection changes factsheets:
Major Modification concerning tramadol for 2024
It should be noted that, also on 23 September, the ExCo endorsed the recommendation by WADA’s List Expert Advisory Group to prohibit the narcotic tramadol in competition, effective 1 January 2024.
The delay in implementation is to provide an additional year for broad communication and education of athletes, their entourage and medical personnel so that there is a better understanding of the practical implementation of tramadol prohibition in competition.
It will also give time to the scientific community to adjust the exact procedural details so that fairness can be ensured for athletes. In addition, it gives sports authorities time to develop educational tools for athletes, and for medical and support personnel to address the safe use of tramadol for clinical purposes within anti-doping.
Tramadol has been on WADA’s Monitoring Program and data gathered through that program have indicated significant use in sports. Tramadol abuse, with its dose-dependent risks of physical dependence, opiate addiction and overdoses in the general population, is of concern and has led to it being a controlled drug in many countries. Research studies funded by WADA, as referenced in the Explanatory Note have also confirmed the potential for tramadol to enhance sports performance.
In a medical emergency, athletes should always get the treatment they need without hesitation.
Ultimately, athletes are responsible for the substances in their body and the methods on the List; and, athlete entourage are also liable for anti-doping rule violations if determined to be complicit. Consequently, if there is any doubt as to the status of a substance or method, it is important that you contact DFSNZ for advice. The most important rule for athletes to remember is that if you are not 100% sure, don’t take it until you check with DFSNZ and ensure it is not on the prohibited list. Points to note:
There are very few changes likely to impact on athletes' use of common medicines.
The associated summary of modifications document is the easiest way to check for changes.
In all cases athletes must insist that anyone prescribing or administering medications check against the current Prohibited List but also take into account any change from the 2022 list to the 2023 list.
Please click on the link below for the List or contact DFSNZ.
Many medications contain substances which are prohibited in sport. Any athlete who is sick or injured needs to carefully consider the medications they take to ensure they avoid prohibited substances.
You can check your medication on GlobalDRO (Global Drug Reference Online). This database provides athletes and support personnel with information about the prohibited status of specific medications based on the current WADA Prohibited List. Visitors can search the Global DRO for specific information on products sold in Australia, Canada, Japan, New Zealand, Switzerland, the United Kingdom, and the United States.
You can also call 0800 DRUGFREE (378 437) to find out specific information about a medication.
Athletes can apply for a Therapeutic Use Exemption (TUE) if they need to take medication which is prohibited in sport. When competing at national or international level a TUE must be applied for before taking any medication. Athletes competing at international level should also complete the World Sailing TUE form.
Many dietary or sports supplements are marketed as helping to improve performance, recovery, weight loss or muscle development, and, supplements can contain substances which are prohibited in sport and may not accurately label ingredients so you cannot be sure of exactly what’s in them.
Athletes should carefully assess their need for supplements and carefully research the supplements they choose to take.
Drug Free Sport New Zealand (DFSNZ) together with High Performance Sport New Zealand (HPSNZ) have released a supplements guide to assist athletes understand the risk inherent in supplements before they make a decision to take them. The guide aims to increase awareness of the risks associated with supplement use and to help athletes and support personnel make more informed decisions.
DFSNZ can provide some assessment of the level of risk associated with supplements and may be able to identify products which are known to be a problem. However, DFSNZ cannot approve any supplement product or its use.
The athlete whereabouts programme
Anti-doping organisations, including DFSNZ, conduct drug tests on athletes out-of-competition with no advance warning. The athlete whereabouts programme allows DFSNZ to locate athletes for testing.
Drug testing is one of the best ways to identify athletes who are doping and to protect athletes who are clean competitors. Athletes can be tested during an event (in-competition) or at any other time (out-of-competition) and will be asked to provide a urine sample, a blood sample or both. The testing process and sample collection for doping control will be carried out by a trained and accredited Drug Free Sport NZ official.
Electronic notification letters introduced for test results
Drug Free Sport NZ (DFSNZ) uses a paperless way of notifying athletes of their negative drug test results - a notification email will be sent to athletes with links to their own unique account within a secure athlete website.
Electronic notification letters will remain highly confidential, requiring each individual athlete who is not in the registered testing pool (RTP) or the national testing pool (NTP) to create a unique username and password to access their results from anywhere in the world.
If you are an RTP or NTP athlete, you will now be notified via email that your test results are available to view. The email will contain a link which will take you straight through to your whereabouts page. From there you can simply click on the ‘Profile’ tab and your results letter will be viewable.
If you are not an RTP or NTP athlete, you will receive a notification email but to access your results you must first create an account for the secure website. After creating your account and logging in you will find your results letter in the completed tests section under the profile tab. This login and page will be unique to you for the rest of your sporting career as an athlete.
I need help
If you have any questions, please contact DFSNZ on 0800 DRUGFREE (378 437)
Your point of contact for anti-doping matters at Yachting New Zealand is the high performance programme manager